Cybersecurity is the protection of internet-connected systems, including hardware, software and data, from cyberattacks.


In a computing context, security comprises of:

  • Cybersecurity
  • Physical security


Both are used by enterprises to protect against unauthorized access to data centers and other computerized systems. Information security, which is designed to maintain the confidentiality, integrity and availability of data, is a subset of cybersecurity.


Cybersecurity is important because it:

  • Prevent Cyberattacks
  • Prevent Data breaches and Identity theft
  • Mitigates Risk and Risk Management


Types of cybersecurity threats:

  • Ransomware: This is a type of malware that involves an attacker locking the victim’s computer system files typically through encryption and demanding a payment to decrypt and unlock them
  • Malware: This is any file or program used to harm a computer user, such as computer viruses, Trojan horses and spyware
  • Social engineering: This is an attack that relies on human interaction to trick users into breaking security procedures in order to gain sensitive information that is typically protected
  • Phishing: This is a form of fraud where fraudulent emails are sent that resemble emails from reputable sources. The intention of these emails is to steal sensitive data, such as credit card or login information


Elements of cybersecurity: Ensuring cybersecurity requires the coordination of efforts throughout an information system, which includes:

  • Application security
  • Information security
  • Network security
  • Disaster recovery/business continuity planning
  • Operational security
  • End-user education


Benefits of cybersecurity:

  • Business protection against malware, ransomware, phishing and social engineering
  • Protection for data and networks
  • Prevention of unauthorized users
  • Improves recovery time after a breach
  • Protection for end-users
  • Improved confidence in the product for both developers and customers